BRINGING YOU INFORMATION.  PROVIDING YOU A PLATFORM.

 

 
THE PHARMA REVIEW (JANUARY - FEBRUARY 2011)

Supplementary Lactase - An Answer to Lactose Intolerance

Introduction: Advanced Enzyme Technologies Ltd., a manufacturer of enzymes for a wide range of industries, is actively creating awareness among masses about Lactase intolerance. Lactase is an enzyme that helps to digest lactose present in milk and diary products. We, Indians are big fans of milk and diary products, our days start with a glass of milk or tea/coffee. However, hardly do we realize that many of us are unable to digest milk. Most of the times, people are ignorant about their intolerance towards Lactose.
Lactase is an enzyme in the small intestine that digests lactose (the naturally occurring sugar in milk). Normally lactase breaks lactose down into a form that can be easily absorbed by the blood. Milk, ice cream, yogurt and other dairy products have varying levels of lactose, which affect how much lactase is required for proper digestion.
Lactose intolerance is the inability to metabolize milk sugar, or lactose. Lactose is a disaccharide found in dairy products and is composed of glucose and galactose. While lactose intolerance varies wildly from population to population, scientists estimate that nearly 75% of adults either lack the ability to digest lactose or at least have difficulty digesting dairy products in general. The frequency ranges from around 5% in northern Europe to more than 90% in some Asian and African countries. Premature infants are more likely to be lactose intolerant since lactase levels do not increase until the third trimester of pregnancy.
The issue of whether we can digest lactose depends upon the intestinal enzyme Lactase. Lactase (or beta-galactosidase) is the enzyme that hydrolyzes lactose into its component monosaccharides, galactose and glucose. Lactase is naturally produced in the small intestine. In the inner lumen of the small intestine, projections called villi are covered with cells known as enterocytes. These enterocytes are covered with a membrane that has what is called a brush border. The brush border is actually millions of microvilli and is the site of lactase production.

 

 

Go to Content Index Page

PHARMA REVIEW - ARTICLES ARCHIVE ( COMPLETE LIST)

 

The above content is an abstract only. For the full Article please contact:
KONGPOSH Publications Pvt. Ltd.
ICS House, C-19, Commercial Complex, SDA, Opp. IIT Gate, New Delhi, India -110016
Tel.: 26855839, 9811195411
Email: kongposhpub@gmail.com, Website: http://www.kppub.com

 
 
 
 

Copyright KONGPOSH PUBLICATIONS Pvt. Ltd.