Professor Kidar Nath Gaind

Prof. Harkishan Singh

Professor Kidar Nath Gaind was a senior pharmaceutical teacher who also remained active as a professional. He headed the Department of Pharmacy, later becoming the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences and now University Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Panjab University, for seventeen years. He had significant role in developing this centre of pharmaceutical instructions and research during its formative times. He held offices with the Indian Pharmaceutical Association and the Association of Pharmaceutical Teachers of India. He was member of the first Pharmacy Council of India and continued on the Council for three terms. He chaired the PCI Education Regulations Committee for a term. He became the General President of the Indian Pharmaceutical Congress, which was a recognition of his standing as an academic and professional. For this coverage on Professor K. N. Gaind a careful survey has been made of the literature. The information which proved to be useful is his profile published on the eve of his superannuation from the Panjab University1 and particulars which became available from his file as a fellow of the Royal Institute of Chemistry, London.2 The descriptions here are placed under the heads: Early Life and Studies; Academic Gaind; Serving the the Profession; and Epilogue.

Early Life and Studies
Kidar Nath was born on 28 September 1911 at Pusrur (Sialkot District), now in Pakisatan. He was fifth of twelve children of Lal Chand Gaind, a police officer. He had his early education locally, studying for matriculation (1926) at Government School and for intermediate examination (1928) at the Government Intermediate College; he qualified both for biology and mathematics. Thereafter he was student of the Prince of Wales College at Jammu for his B.Sc. Degree (1930) of the Punjab University, Lahore. For his M.Sc. in Chemistry (1932) he was student of the Allahabad University in the United Provinces.
The making as an academic of Kidar Nath Gaind started with his research studies at the Indian Institute of Science at Bangalore (1932-36). There he worked with Professor P. C. Guha and completed his research thesis "Two New Methods of Synthesis of Norpinic Acid" which entitled him to receive the Associateship Diploma of the Indian Institute of Science, for his work during the sessions October 1932 to January 1935.2Kidar Nath’s entry to the drug field may be considered to have taken place in 1934 when he successfully competed for Lady Tata Memorial Fellowship to carry out studies on local anaesthetics. That was the time when this was a hot field of study. Gaind’s fellowship had been extended for six months and he had shifted now to the University Chemical Laboratories, Punjab University, Lahore, of which Professor Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar was the Director. Gaind registered for Ph.D. with Professor J. N. Ray as his supervisor, and continued with his research on local anaesthetics. On the expiry of his fellowship in October 1936 he was appointed as demonstrator in 1936, the position he held till 1942.



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