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THE PHARMA REVIEW (JULY - AUGUST 2012)

Opinion of Physicians on the role of Pharmacist in Adverse Drug Reactions Reporting – Results of Pilot Study

Rakesh Kumar Rishi1, Rakesh K. Patel2, Anil Bhandari3

Introduction:
 
Almost all drugs and pharmaceutical preparations have adverse side effects. Sometimes, drug induced adverse effects are fatal may lead to morbidity or even mortality of the patients1-4. Therefore, it has been very essential to record and report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) by the patients to the concerned doctor(s) and by the doctor(s) to the concerned authorities such as pharmaovigilance centres. The reporting of ADRs by health care professionals forms an essential component of ongoing surveillance of post-marketing drug safety5. As healing substances, drugs not only help in the restoration of the normalcy in the body, but also may cause harm to the body by interfering with the cellular functions as they are chemical agents in nature6. Therefore, physician has to keep a balance between effects and side-effects: a risk/benefit analysis6. However, physicians face difficulties in reporting ADRs due to lack of time and patient overload. Globally, under-reporting of ADRs is a major problem and India is not an exception to it. When less ADRs are reported, it cannot give the exact safety profile for a particular drug. Under-reporting has been attributed to busy schedule, misconceptions about spontaneous ADR reporting and bureaucratic reporting procedures, lack of information on how to report and a lack of availability of report forms, and physicians' attitudes to ADRs7. Spontaneous reporting of ADRs through a viable pharmacovigilance setup is the need of the hour. India has recently launched a new programme – “Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PVPI)”. The scope of pharmacovigilance has now been evolved to recognize the importance of the systems approach for monitoring and improving the safe use of medicines.

 

 

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