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THE PHARMA REVIEW (MAY - JUNE 2011)

An Overview of the Various Steps involved in the Study and Scientific Utilization of Traditional Herbs for Enhanced Efficacy of Herbal Formulation.

Debarati Bhattacharyya1, Ajanta Pal1, Mostafa Elachouri2 and Subhash C Mandal1

Abstract: Traditional medicine is the most rapid growing sector in the world market. Much importance on various research work and scientific validation, implementation of newer technologies, sophisticated time saving screening procedures are explored to provide a solid platform to this native and oldest healthcare system. Many steps like evaluation, standardization, and quality control, pharmacological and toxicological studies together with clinical trials are covered to establish a particular herb from field to market for herbal formulations. Lastly, Intellectual property laws play a vital role and should be rightly focused and technically developed to obtain global positioning.
Introduction
Man has been using herbs and plant products for combating diseases since ages. Nature is true foundation for developing knowledge in herbal medicines. The universal role of plants in treatment of ailments is exemplified by their employment in all major systems of medicine irrespective of diverse culture and medicinal systems. Medicinal plants and knowledge of their use are a thread that links education, health, population, growth of economy, sustainable development, environment and cultural issues together with herbal market strategies. According to World health Organization 80% of World’s population relies on traditional medicine. Traditional medicine is widespread throughout the world and can be defined as medical knowledge systems that developed over generations within
various societies, before development and spread of modern scientific medicines which are still in use today.1
Traditional knowledge is collective in nature and is often considered the property of the entire community, and not belonging to any single individual within the community.
About 6500 plants in India are used in traditional, folk and herbal medicine. India has had a rich vibrant diverse cultural history. One of the important components of this is health and healing. This country is perhaps the largest producer of medicinal herbs and is rightly called the botanical garden of the world. It is found that 70% of plants in India grow in tropical areas specially forests and densely in the Western Ghats, Chota Nagpur plateau, Aravallis and Himalayas. Most medicinal plants are herbs and trees.

 

 

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