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THE PHARMA REVIEW (MAY - JUNE 2011)

Blood Collection and Processing

Dr. R. N Makroo

Abstract: Blood Collection is the most important and essential function of blood transfusion service and accordingly, its organization should be given due attention. The source of blood for transfusion is from blood donors.
 

Types of Blood Donors
There are three types of blood donors. Voluntary non-remunerated donors Replacement or Relative donors. Professional or commercial paid donors.
Voluntary Blood Donors
They are the people, who donate their blood without any pressure and monetary benefit, for unknown patients (recipients). Such donors are important for blood transfusion services because. They belong to low risk category. They are mostly willing to be on the panel of regular blood donors. They mostly respond to appeals during emergencies.
Replacement or Relative Donors
They are the members of family/friends of the patients, who donate their blood in replacement of the blood needs of the particular patients. Such donors come forward mostly for specific purpose of helping their relations/friends. Replacement donation is common practice in our country. It has been observed many times that professional commercial blood donors are brought to donate their blood in guise of being replacement donors. As such there is a need to ensure that replacement donation does not involve the hidden remunerated system. At times, the donors request that their blood should be given to the specific patients. Such donations are called directed donations. It is advisable to avoid such donations except in special circumstances.
Professional/Commercial Paid Donors
They are the people who receive direct or indirect monetary benefits for the blood they donate. These blood donors often conceal the truth about their illness, previous donations and personal life, thus contribute to unsafe blood supply. They donate blood quite frequently than recommended and thus supply substandard units of blood which may give little or no benefit to the recipient. As such, it is important that voluntary non remunerated blood donations should be promoted, accepted and practised for safe blood supply.

 

 

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