The plant Lantana camara has been traditionally used as sour, sweet, acrid,
taste difficult to itches, cuts, ulcers, swellings, bilious fever, catarrh,
diseases, eczema and rheumatism, biliousness, and blood impurities, fatigue
thirst, hiccough, good for throat, asthma consumption tumours, opthalmia,
leucorrhoea, the juice put in the ear cures earache. It is widely distributed
in the southern India, Sri lanka and java, especially in the drier zone.
Various phytochemical including Linaroside and lantanoside, lantanilic acid,
camaric acid and oleanolic acid isolated from various parts of Lantana camara.
The present review article aims towards medicinal properties, chemical
constituents and other important aspects of Lantana camara.
Plants have formed the basis of sophisticated traditional
medicine system that have in existence for thousands of years and continue to
provide mankind with new remedies. Although some of the therapeutic properties
attributed to plants have proven to the empirical findings of hundreds and
thousands of use.1 The interest in nature as a source of potential
chemotherapeutic agents continues. Natural products and their derivatives
represent more than 50% of all the drugs in clinical use in the world today.
Higher plants contribute no less than 25% of the total drugs.2 & 3
Lantana camara L.(Verbanaceae), commonly known as wild or red
sage, is the most widespread species of this genus and regarded both as a
notorious weed and a popular ornamental garden plant.4The generic
epicenter of L. camara is regarded as Mexico and central America5
from where it has been introduced to the rest of the world via Europe.6
It has wide distribution in nearly 50 countries spread over including
Oceania, Asia, Africa, South America and North America.7 L. camara
is a large.
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