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THE PHARMA REVIEW (NOVEMBER - DECEMBER 2010)

Pharmacological Activities and Phytochemistry of Lantana Camara- A Review

Vivek Srivastava, N. Balakrishnan, A. Balasubramanium

Abstract: The plant Lantana camara has been traditionally used as sour, sweet, acrid, taste difficult to itches, cuts, ulcers, swellings, bilious fever, catarrh, diseases, eczema and rheumatism, biliousness, and blood impurities, fatigue thirst, hiccough, good for throat, asthma consumption tumours, opthalmia, leucorrhoea, the juice put in the ear cures earache. It is widely distributed in the southern India, Sri lanka and java, especially in the drier zone. Various phytochemical including Linaroside and lantanoside, lantanilic acid, camaric acid and oleanolic acid isolated from various parts of Lantana camara. The present review article aims towards medicinal properties, chemical constituents and other important aspects of Lantana camara.
 

Introduction

Plants have formed the basis of sophisticated traditional medicine system that have in existence for thousands of years and continue to provide mankind with new remedies. Although some of the therapeutic properties attributed to plants have proven to the empirical findings of hundreds and thousands of use.1 The interest in nature as a source of potential chemotherapeutic agents continues. Natural products and their derivatives represent more than 50% of all the drugs in clinical use in the world today. Higher plants contribute no less than 25% of the total drugs.2 & 3

 

General Information

Lantana camara L.(Verbanaceae), commonly known as wild or red sage, is the most widespread species of this genus and regarded both as a notorious weed and a popular ornamental garden plant.4The generic epicenter of L. camara is regarded as Mexico and central America5 from where it has been introduced to the rest of the world via Europe.6 It has wide distribution in nearly 50 countries spread over including Oceania, Asia, Africa, South America and North America.7 L. camara is a large.

 

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