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THE PHARMA REVIEW (NOVEMBER - DECEMBER 2011)

Pharmaceutical Care - a New harbinger of Patient Care

Subal C Basak, D Sathyanarayana

Abstract: In any health care system, human resources for health that include pharmacists are central to complete success to health advancement. Pharmacists work in health care facilities as members of the health care team and have special responsibilities for the safe, effective and rational use of medicines. The basic reason for care by pharmacists can be found by the fact that medicines must be properly used in order to have their full beneficial therapeutic effect. As such the profession of pharmacy has been integral to the delivery of pharmacotherapy to patients since its inception. The concept of pharmaceutical care appeared during 1990’s was the first integrated philosophy of a new way to look at the responsibilities of the pharmacist and pharmacy services. Pharmaceutical care, hitherto not known to most health care professionals in India, is a new concept that deals with the way patients should receive and use medication and should receive instructions for the use of medicines. In many parts of the world, pharmacists are playing a significant role of pharmaceutical care services. However, pharmaceutical care is still an unexplored subject of pharmacy practice in India. The barriers to such pharmacy practice model include not only an education and training according to the old paradigm of product focus but also a very old curriculum (revised in 1991). If Indian pharmacists are to contribute to patient care role of pharmaceutical service effectively, they need to be given the opportunity to acquire the new knowledge and skills required for their new role.

 
Introduction: We live in a world of medicines. Medicines are the most commonly used form of health care treatment throughout the world. They have a great potential for alleviating sufferings and curing disease, but may also for misuse and causing dangerous adverse effects. Today’s medications are powerful and complex agents that must be used carefully to ensure a faster recovery and better health. Ironically, medicine related problems have become more manifest because pharmacotherapy is becoming a complex process. Therefore, to ensure access to and appropriate use of medicines, there is need of properly educated and well-trained pharmacist. In every comprehensive system of health care pharmacist stands at the interface between the medicine on one hand and the client of the medicine on the other. The client of the medicine meets the pharmacist as a last health care professional before the medicine is used or consumed. As far medicines are concerned, the pharmacist is a central figure in the health care team across countries. Pharmacists deal with medicines all the time. They help to select them on consumers’ demand, also in the management of trivial illnesses, and dispense them against prescriptions of physicians.

 

 

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